If you want your puppy to stay healthy, you need to stick to the puppy vaccination schedule. Find out why and when your dog should get vaccinated.
Dog vaccination is a constant debate and unfortunately many people are against it. However, vets agree that all puppies should receive vaccinations in order to stay healthy.
Although debatable, according to many studies, every dog should be vaccinated not only for the sake of their health, but also the health of other dogs and the people around them.
Dogs are vaccinated for the same reason humans are, to help prevent diseases. Vaccination reduces the spread of many potentially deadly diseases and is often much more affordable than paying for the treatment of a sick dog.
Some of the diseases dogs can get, as a result of not being vaccinated, can be transferred to people. Therefore, if you are getting a puppy, consult with a vet when your puppy should be vaccinated and how to take care of them.
Shot Schedule For Puppies:
|Puppy’s Age||Recommended Vaccinations||Optional Vaccinations|
|6 to 8 weeks||DHPP (vaccines for distemper, adenovirus [hepatitis], parainfluenza and parvovirus)||Bordetella, Measles|
|8 to 12 weeks||DHPP||Coronavirus, Leptospirosis, Bordetella, Lyme disease|
|From 12 weeks||Rabies||None|
|14 to 16 weeks||DHPP||Coronavirus, Lyme disease, Leptospirosis|
|12 to 16 months||Rabies, DHPP||Coronavirus, Leptospirosis, Bordetella, Lyme disease|
|Every year||None||Coronavirus, Leptospirosis, Bordetella, Lyme disease|
|Every 3 years (after first year booster)||DHPP||None|
|Every 1 to 3 years||Rabies (as required by law)||None|
The chart shows a schedule when your puppy should be vaccinated and which vaccines they should get. Recommended vaccines are core vaccines, which your dog must get, whereas optional vaccines are known as non-core.
Depending on the area you live, the environment and lifestyle, your vet will determine which vaccines your dog needs. If you want your dog to be healthy, it is best to stick to the schedule.
Basics Of Vaccination
Before we start getting into the details of the vaccines your puppy should get, you need to know that there are two types of vaccines: core vaccines and non-core vaccines. (1)
Core vaccines are the essential ones, which every dog should get on time i.e. according to the strict schedule recommended by vets and law.
On the other hand, non-core vaccines are optional, but that doesn’t mean your dog shouldn’t get them.
Depending on the place you live, where your dog walks, and if your dog travels abroad, your vet will inform you which non-core vaccines are recommended for your dog.
In the chart core vaccines are the recommended ones, and non-core are optional.
Core vaccines are the essential vaccines every dog should get on time. Non-core vaccines are optional, but can be also very useful in certain cases.
Why You Should Vaccinate Your Dog
Vaccinating your dog against some infectious diseases helps to keep both your dog and your family healthy. Most of the diseases are potentially fatal, and to prevent them there’s only one option – vaccination. Some of them cannot be treated and cured.
It is often much more economical to vaccinate your dog than to pay for the intensive treatment if he was to catch one of the diseases and become very ill. Many of these diseases require hospitalisation and a lot of medication- with no guarantee that your dog will survive the disease!
If you think that there is a low risk of your puppy getting infected with these diseases or you think that some dogs get better on their own, know that even though some dogs have survived, it doesn’t mean yours will too.
People are often worried about the side-effects, but the veterinarian will discuss the possibility of any side effects and how you how to help your dog if it has any reaction to the vaccination. Don’t skip the shots, stick to the schedule and your dog will be part of your family for a long time.
Don’t panic if your dog experiences loss of appetite or depression, because it may be due to many things, and not some disease or a reaction to vaccination. Watch out for other symptoms and consult with your vet.
Vaccination is the safest prevention against some fatal diseases that can’t be cured.
Schedule: When To Vaccinate Your Puppy
As seen in the chart, there is a strict schedule of puppy vaccination, which you should follow. When you get the puppy, check if it has received any vaccines and inform your vet. Whether you are buying or adopting a dog, you should be informed about their medical history.
6 – 8 weeks
Core vaccines: DHPP- Distemper(D), Adenovirus (H), Parvovirus (P) Parainfluenza(P). Non-core vaccines: Bordetella, Measles
Vaccines can begin as early as 6 weeks of age. The core vaccines (DHPP) are administered every 2 – 4 weeks until the puppy is at least 16 weeks of age.
This means that you will have regular visits to your vet clinic with your puppy in the first few months.
Some non- core vaccines can be started at this age too if the puppy is classed as a “high risk” of infection, if it lives with lots of other dogs or other dogs it comes into contact with have one of the infections. Bordetella vaccine can be administered to prevent kennel cough infection and measles vaccine can be given to help prevent distemper infection.
8 – 12 weeks
Core vaccines: DHPP Non-core vaccines: Coronavirus, Leptospirosis, Bordetella, Lyme disease
Between 8 to 12 weeks your puppy must get the DHPP vaccine, which will protect it from diseases which are actually initials of this vaccine – (D) distemper, (H) hepatitis, (P) parvo and (P) parainfluenza.
Depending on your environment, some other vaccines may be recommended to prevent further illnesses. Other illnesses that your vet may suggest vaccinating against are Coronavirus, Leptospirosis, Bordetella, and Lyme disease.
12 – 16 weeks
Core vaccines: Rabies, DHPP Non-core vaccines: Coronavirus, Leptospirosis, Lyme disease
Rabies affects both humans and animals, and leads to death. Dogs can get the disease if an infected dog or wild animal bites them, or if infected saliva comes in contact with a wound. The best prevention is vaccination, so be responsible and stick to the schedule.
12 – 16 months
Core vaccines: Rabies, DHPP Non-core vaccines: Coronavirus, Leptospirosis, Bordetella, Lyme disease
Your dog will need to get a booster of DHPP and a vaccine against rabies. The vaccines aren’t effective if your puppy gets only one and you forget about the booster.
The DHPP is then given to dogs every 1 to 3 years.
Vaccine against rabies is given every 1 to 3 years, depending on where you live and as required by law.
Vaccination against Coronavirus, Leptospirosis, Bordetella, and Lyme disease require a vaccine to be given every year.
This complete guide shows you the importance of dog vaccination, so don’t risk your dog’s life, but prevent various diseases.
Vaccination should start when a puppy is 6 weeks old. The core vaccines will need to be administered according to a strict schedule, while the administration of non-core vaccines can be conditioned with environmental or health factors.
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