Dogs can incur brain injuries from a variety of causes. Primary brain injuries, for example, involve direct trauma to the brain, which once acquired, cannot be altered. Secondary brain injury, meanwhile, is the alteration of brain tissue that occurs after primary injury, but this form of injury can be managed, prevented, and improved with optimal supportive care and treatment. Here are the signs your dog has a brain injury
There are three types of dog seizures, generally classified by researchers as focal (partial) seizures, generalized (grand mal) seizures, and focal seizures with secondary generalization. Grand mal seizures in dogs affect both sides of the brain and the entire body. Grand mal seizures can look like involuntary jerking or twitching in all four of the animal’s limbs and include loss of consciousness.
A partial seizure in dogs affects only a small part of the brain and can manifest a couple different ways, but will typically progress to grand mal seizures throughout the dog’s lifetime. When a dog is having a partial seizure, only one limb, side of the body, or just the face will be affected. Once the seizure(s) begin, the dog will fall on its side, become stiff, chomp its jaw, salivate profusely, urinate, defecate, vocalize, and/or paddle with all four limbs. These seizure activities generally last between 30 and 90 seconds.
2. Spontaneous Loss Of Consciousness
Syncope is the clinical term for what is otherwise often described as fainting. This is a medical condition that is characterized as a temporary loss of consciousness and spontaneous recovery.
The most common cause of syncope is a temporary interruption in the brain blood supply leading to impairment in oxygen and nutrient delivery to brain. Another important cause of syncope in dogs is heart disease leading to interruption in the blood supply to the brain. Syncope is more commonly seen in older dogs, especially Cocker spaniels, miniature schnauzers, pugs, dachshunds, boxers, and German shepherds
3. Abnormal Posture Or Irregular Movements
An abnormal gait can be due to a wide array of underlying problems or conditions. These can be as simple as a recent trauma or an infection in the spinal cord, to issues stemming from the central nervous system, musculoskeletal system and even cancers. Often the problem starts small and is not noticed, but progresses to the point of muscle and joint damage.
Pain can cause a dog to adjust its gait to put less pressure on the trouble area to relieve the pain, but this can lead to further orthopedic problems. A gait is the pattern of repetitive limb motions that a dog uses to walk, trot, run and gallop. When that gait begins to look abnormal, with the dog limping, staggering, favoring a side, and showing signs of weakness and difficulties in walking, it is often a sign of a more serious issue that cannot be seen. An abnormal gait should be a signal to schedule an appointment at your veterinary clinic.
4. Nose Or Ear Bleed
A bleeding nose can come from several sources. One may be the result of a condition called coagulopathy — a condition where the blood is not coagulating as it should. There are several other possible causes for nose bleeds, such as a wound or injury that is not apparent, as from a snake bite, or it may be from a disease, like cancer in an organ, leukemia, or a number of other diseases.
Regardless of the cause, this is a condition that needs to be checked by your veterinarian promptly
5. Bleeding Inside The Eye
There are many causes of hyphema in dogs, although most are unfortunately very serious. One of the most common causes of hyphema is blunt trauma to the head.
Others include anterior uveitis (this is the inflammation of the iris and ciliary body), intraocular tumors, congenital and/or heritable conditions, or retinal separation
Faith Courtney is a dog lover who can’t get enough of K9 love. She’s had dogs around her home since she was 8 years old. Many years on, she still keeps dogs around her home. Her family likes nothing more than to take the dogs out to the a dog park where they all can stretch their legs.
COMMENTS FROM LOVIMYPUP.COM:
My brother has a 14 year old male miniature poodle who suffers from seizures for the last several years. It is interesting to note that canine neurological disorders are very similar to human neurological disorders. In fact the medication used to treat this pup is purchased via a human pharmacy. Very expensive human medications. Knowing the behavior observed in a pup that means a significant neurological incident has occurred could save your pup’s life, When unsure always check with your Vet.
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